BIOGRAPHY OF HIS MAJESTY THE SULTAN AND YANG DI-PERTUAN OF BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah is the 29th Sultan of Brunei Darussalam
His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah is the 29th Sultan of Brunei Darussalam, in a continuous line of succession of monarchy spanning more than 600 years. His Majesty is also the Prime Minister, Minister of Defence, Minister of Finance and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
His Majesty was born on 15th July 1946 in Brunei Town (now Bandar Seri Begawan).
His Majesty undertook his early education in Brunei Darussalam and then went on to further his studies in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. His Majesty trained as an Officer at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, United Kingdom in 1966-67.
His Majesty was installed as the Crown Prince in 1961, at the age of 15. Following the voluntary abdication of his late father, Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar 'Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, His Majesty was proclaimed as the Sultan of Brunei Darussalam on 5th October 1967.
His Majesty was crowned as the 29th Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam on 1st August 1968.
In 1978, His Majesty led a Mission to London for discussions with Her Britannic Majesty's Government on the change of status of Brunei Darussalam from British protectorate to sovereign, independent state. The outcome was the Treaty of Friendship and Co-operation between Brunei Darussalam and Great Britain under which the British Government relinquished its responsibilities for the conduct of Brunei Darussalam's Foreign Affairs and Defence on 1st January 1984.
His Majesty is married to Her Majesty Duli Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha. His Majesty has five princes and seven princesses.
Under His Majesty's reign, Brunei Darussalam has undergone unprecedented socio and economic transformation and continue to enjoy both political and economic stability. As a result, Brunei Darussalam has achieved a high Human Development Index under the Millennium Development Goals.
His Majesty charted the future development of Brunei Darussalam with Wawasan Brunei 2035 (Brunei Vision 2035) that set the goals to achieve the desired quality of life and a dynamic sustainable economy.
His Majesty holds the Sovereign and Chief of the Family Order of the Crown of Brunei (Darjah Kerabat Mahkota Brunei - DKMB) as well as other orders of Brunei Darussalam. In addition, His Majesty has also been conferred with numerous foreign orders and decorations.
His Majesty plays polo, squash and badminton. His Majesty is also a qualified pilot of both fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters.